AGGEJAKA CEREBRAL EPISODES
The dysfunction of central nervous system that is owed in
disturbance of cerebral vessels or ajma'twsis of brain is fixed as
“aggejako' cerebral epejso'djo”.
The aggejaka' cerebral episodes are very frequent problem of
health, since they constitute the third in frequency cause of stop living in
the developed countries, afterwards the cardiac deseases and the
malignant neoplasms and one from the more frequent reasons of
infirmity with important medical and economic repercussions, since the
60% of patients present important degree infirmity afterwards the
byway of one year from the episode.
Specifically for Greece the problem is bigger, since, as it
results from the elements of World Organisation of Health the
mortality is of course bigger than the mean of countries of western
This data render imperative the need of convenient diagnosis and
confrontation, but also more effective prevention.
The aggejaka' cerebral episodes, depending on their mechanism of
coming are distinguished in jshajmjka' (interruption or reduction of
benefit of blood to the cerebral parenchyma) and haemorrhagic that is
much more infrequent and they are owed in rupture of wall of vessel
with result the exaggej'wsi of blood.
PREVENTION AGGEJAKOY OF CEREBRAL EPISODE
The primary prevention is addressed in the substance in the
total of population. The factors of danger are distinguished in
two categories: not amendable and amendable. Not amendable
factors of danger are the romance , the age, the heredity and the race.
I will be reported in the amendable factors where there we will
CONTROL OF ARTERIAL PRESSURE
The confrontation of arterial pressure constitutes powerful
metre of prevention. It has been calculated that the regulation
of arterial pressure, so systoljki' she remains smallest 16mmHg and
djastoljki' smaller 90mmHg, it can decrease the frequency of
aggejakw'n cerebral episodes at percentage 40% at least. The
prices of arterial pressure are decreased with right diet and physical
It constitutes one from the most important factors of danger.
The individuals that smoke 10 (ten) cigarettes daily run through
double danger than the equivalent of not smokers, while for the
individuals that smoke above 40 (forty) cigarettes daily the danger is
In the cases of chronic abuse exists danger.
DIET - EXERCISE
The healthy diet can decrease considerably the danger of
aggejakoy' cerebral episode. Studies prove a low frequency of
aggejakw'n cerebral episodes in persons that exercise daily.
¢ncrwpoj that consume fruits and vegetables they have low
indicator of danger. Diet with fishes two times the week
decreases considerably the danger.
Certain other study (1995) proves that the a-ljnolejko' acid
which we find in the walnuts and in the seeds of soya and in certain
vo'tana it decreases the danger helping in the prevention of shaping
of acirwmatjkw'n plates. Foods as the green apple and the tea
with high content in flavonoejdi' are also protective.
Vitamin C also is protective that is contained in fruits and
vegetables. The cluster of vitamins B (V6, V12) and particularly
the foljko' acid they are protective. The result of lack of
cluster of vitamins B is the increase of levels omokystej'nis
amjnoxe'ws that is incriminated for the increase of danger of carotid
The danger of aggejakoy' cerebral episode increases on presence
of various cardiac illnesses (vaginal marmarygi', cardiac
insufficiency, infarction myokardj'oy, valvjdopa'cejes etc).
The probability of appearance of aggejakoy' cerebral episode in
individual that suffers from S.D. is double than corresponding the
The increased levels of cholesterol in the blood constitute
factor of danger. Proportional relation exists also for
lipoprotein LDL, contrary to the HDL.
Other factors of danger is: illnesses of vessels, illnesses
of blood, the reception of contraceptives, disturbances of
coagulability. The STRES and the DEPRESSION have been
incriminated as well as the obesity that tends it receives
The lack of physical exercise, the migraine, the use of toxic
substances and the intense bodily and mental katapo'nisi increase
the danger of appearance of aggejakoy' cerebral episode.
The parapa'nw elements render obvious that the efforts for
prevention should be long-term. For certain from the
factors of danger, as the obesity it will be supposed it begins
from the children's age, while for all as the arterial hypertension,
should lasts ef' of term of life.
All will be supposed to comprehend the importance of prevention
and to take her metres of promotion, but also measures of demoralisation
of ancygjejnw'n ways of life (smoking, abuse of alcohol).